Varicose veins are one of the most common vascular diseases in people, in which the veins of the body dilate. On average, about 10 to 20 percent of the world’s population develops varicose veins.
Some estimates, though, go as high as 50 percent. Among women, the highest incidence of varicose veins occurs between the ages of 40 and 50. Varicose veins start with pain in the leg and if they continue, they cause the veins in the leg to swell. In general, varicose veins are more likely to occur in women, especially women who have given birth several times.
Varicose veins show themselves in spider webs, which are small, thin veins. These veins are located under the skin and are sometimes easily seen with the naked eye. Varicose veins not only make the skin of the body and legs thin, but also cause pain and discomfort.
You may not think you have varicose veins until your legs hurt. Varicose veins first present as a diffuse, vague feeling of pain in the legs and fatigue in them. Many people ignore this issue and do not pay attention to it. This is where the issue begins. Ignoring this pain gradually causes it to become more and more and more clogged veins of the legs. As this condition persists, parts of the legs become discolored, swollen, and severely painful.
Therefore, it is better to see a varicose vein doctor when you feel the first vague pain to prevent it before the disease progresses.
Let’s talk a little bit about how veins work. The veins in our body act as a ladder through which blood moves to the heart. The veins have valves that help the blood return to the heart. For many reasons, such as prolonged standing, inactivity for a long time, genetic factors, and the like, these valves become weak and damaged. As these valves close, blood collects in the lower part of the veins in the legs. As this pressure increases, the varicose veins become larger and thicker.
Although it has been suggested that prolonged standing, inactivity, and genetics can cause varicose veins, there are other factors that make people more likely to develop varicose veins. Age, gender and pregnancy are the other three factors that increase the risk of varicose veins.
There is a direct relationship between age and varicose veins, which means that the older people get, the more likely they are to develop varicose veins. The reason for this is that with age, the veins wear out and rupture. As the arteries rupture, some blood travels to other arteries and instead of returning to the heart, they build up in the arteries, causing varicose veins and varicose pain.
Another factor is the gender of the people. As mentioned, women are more likely to have varicose veins than men. On the other hand, hormonal changes during pregnancy and menopause can also affect this issue. You should also know that birth control pills also increase the risk of varicose veins in women.
Pregnancy is the third leading cause of varicose veins. During pregnancy, women’s body blood flow increases because blood supply and nutrition to the organs must be better. However, with increasing blood flow in the body, the risk of developing varicose veins also increases, which of course can be prevented in some ways.
Two other factors can be added to this list: obesity and heredity. As you know, being overweight, in addition to increasing blood fats and raising blood pressure in the body, also puts extra strain on the arteries. This pressure eventually manifests itself in the form of varicose veins.
Genetics, or family history, is one of the factors that no one can control and can be prevented, but the risk of varicose veins can be reduced by following some steps. However, you should know that if other members of your family have varicose veins, you may also have varicose veins.
Varicose vein specialist in Mashhad
This answer may seem a little disappointing, but you have to face the fact: it is by no means possible to completely prevent varicose veins. But this should not disappoint you. You can greatly reduce the risk of varicose veins by doing things like exercising, losing weight, being active, not standing for long periods of time, or sitting still for long periods of time. Exercise, eating high-fiber and low-salt diets, keeping your legs high, and any activity that helps your blood flow are also very effective in fighting varicose veins.
However, you can see a doctor to diagnose varicose veins, and your doctor will tell you what your varicose veins are like after a physical exam and possibly an ultrasound to check the health of the valves inside your veins. Even if you have varicose veins but seek treatment in time, there is nothing to worry about. If you are in Mashhad, we suggest you cardiologist clinic.
What is varicose veins?
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